Glossary of terms used on this site

This glossary is to help pet people understand the language that veterinarians may use when treating their pets.


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Term Definition

A type of parasitic worm that is flat and ribbon-like, that lives in the intestines of humans and animals.


Also known as roundworms


Caused by the toxomplasmosis parasite transmitted to humans by consumping insufficiently cooked meat,  or through exposure to soil and/or organisms in cat feces. Most people who are infected do not show any symptoms. A healthy person’s immune system usually prevents the parasite from causing disease. Those who do get sick with a mild form of the illness usually have flu-like symptoms such as fever, sore throat, sore muscles and tiredness. Glands in the neck, armpits or groin can become swollen but they are usually not sore. In some cases the infection can also cause blurred vision or temporary loss of vision.

People undergoing therapy such as chemotherapy or radiation, or who have a weakened immune system due to HIV or other disease may develop further complications.

Fact sheet on Toxoplasmosis - this is a fact sheet only and is not to be used in place of medical advice. If you suspect infection, please seek professional medical advise.